Abstract Introduction: With the continuous expansion of machine tool applications, the corresponding machine tool standards are becoming more and more important. However, the current unregulated market order in China's machine tool industry has had a certain impact on the development of machine tools. Therefore, the state has introduced a series of policies that have transformed the machine tool manufacturing industry... Guide :
As machine tool applications continue to expand, the corresponding machine tool standards are becoming more important. However, the current unregulated market order in China's machine tool industry has had a certain impact on the development of machine tools. Therefore, the state has introduced a series of policies that have become the driving force for the transformation of the machine tool manufacturing industry.
Policy 1: In 2004, the state issued the Outline of the National Medium- and Long-Term Science and Technology Development Plan (2006-2020). The "Outline" proposes: "To focus on national goals, further highlight key points, select a number of major strategic products, key common technologies or major projects as major special projects, give full play to the advantages of the socialist system to concentrate on major issues and market mechanisms, and strive to achieve Breakthrough and strive to achieve a partial leap in the development of science and technology to drive the development of productivity and fill the gap in national strategy."
Under the guidance of the national science and technology policy, a series of policy measures and scientific research projects that are conducive to improving the scientific and technological activities of the machine tool industry have been introduced. Mainly: basic research projects, including the National Natural Science Foundation and the National Key Basic Research Development Program (973 Program), the National Science and Technology Support Program, the High Technology Research and Development Program (863 Program), and the â€œHigh-end CNC Machine Tools and Basic Manufacturing Equipmentâ€ Special and other conditions platform construction.
Policy 2: In February 2006, the State Council's Several Opinions on Accelerating the Revitalization of Equipment Manufacturing Industry (No. 8 Document) was promulgated. The "Opinions" are combined with the "National Medium- and Long-Term Science and Technology Development Plan" and the "Simplified Supporting Policies for the Implementation of the Science and Technology Plan". The two policy orientations of "revitalization" and "independent innovation" promote and coordinate with each other, making the machinery industry The main equipment manufacturing industry has entered a new stage of development that accelerates revitalization. Focusing on the two major policy orientations, the ministries and commissions of the State Council have closely cooperated and conducted in-depth research. The multi-field and multi-angle supporting policies have been continuously introduced, the requirements for equipment autonomy have been continuously improved, and the development of major technical equipment and major industrial technology has been significantly enhanced.
Policy 3: In 2007, the state formulated the â€œSpecial Plan for the Development of CNC Machine Tool Industryâ€, implemented the industrial support policy, supported the development of the CNC machine tool industry through finance, taxation, credit, etc.; exerted the role of market economy in resource allocation and accelerated industrial restructuring. And optimization; implementation of key technological transformation, construction of 10 to 20 CNC machine tools and functional parts manufacturing base, to increase the domestic market share of popular CNC machine tools.
Policy 4: In 2009, the Ministry of Finance, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the General Administration of Customs jointly issued the Notice on Adjusting the Import Tax Policy for Major Technical Equipment. The "Notice" pointed out that since July 1, 2009, the key components and raw materials that domestic enterprises must import for the production of major technical equipment and products supported by the state, are exempt from import duties and import value-added tax. These include 12 large, precision, high-speed CNC machine tools, numerical control devices and six key functional components.
Policy 5: In 2010, in order to promote the development of the remanufacturing industry, the National Development and Reform Commission and other 11 departments jointly issued the "Opinions on Promoting the Development of Remanufacturing Industry", and listed automobile parts, engineering machinery and machine tools as the key points for promoting the development of the remanufacturing industry. In the field, enjoy tax incentives.
Policy 6: In 2010, the State Council reviewed and approved the â€œDecision of the State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industries.â€ The â€œHigh-end Equipment Manufacturing Industryâ€ was listed as one of the seven strategic emerging industries, and will be concentrated as a key area. We will speed up the promotion and strengthen policy support such as fiscal, taxation and finance.
Policy 7: The Central Political Bureau meeting in December 2010 clearly proposed to accelerate the transformation of the economic development mode as the main line, implement a proactive fiscal policy and a prudent monetary policy, enhance the pertinence, flexibility and effectiveness of macro-control, and accelerate the structure. We will vigorously strengthen independent innovation, earnestly do a good job in energy conservation and emission reduction, continuously deepen reform and opening up, focus on safeguarding and improving people's livelihood, consolidate and expand the response to the impact of the international financial crisis, maintain steady and rapid economic development, and promote social harmony and stability. This further pointed out a clear direction for the transformation and upgrading of the machinery industry. Under the background of the continuous upgrading of the national economy, the demand for independent innovation in various industries will be more urgent. This is very conducive to the optimization and upgrading of the demand structure of mechanical products, which will promote the steady rise of domestic demand in the machinery industry. The machinery industry is in the national economy. The status of the company has further improved.
Policy 8: In 2012, the Ministry of Commerce and other 10 ministries and commissions jointly issued the "Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Transformation of Foreign Trade Development Mode." The "Opinions" clarify that the goal of China's foreign trade development in the coming period is to consolidate the status of a trading power and promote the process of trade power. The "Opinions" encourage domestic commercial banks to carry out import and export credit business and improve service levels in accordance with the principles of risk control and commercial sustainability. Give full play to China's Export-Import Bank's support for foreign trade development. Support financing guarantee institutions to expand the import and export financing guarantee business of small and medium-sized machine tool enterprises, and increase support for small and medium-sized machine tool enterprises' import and export credit. Give full play to the policy-oriented role of export credit insurance and support the export of goods, technologies and services in line with the direction of national economic restructuring.
Policy 9: At the end of 2012, the Ministry of Finance, the National Development and Reform Commission, the General Administration of Customs, and the State Administration of Taxation jointly issued the Catalogue of Imported Commodities Not Exempted from Taxation (2012 Adjustment), and the revised new catalogue since January 1, 2013 Since the implementation of the day, a variety of major technical equipment imported from China's domestic investment projects, including a variety of CNC machine tools, no longer enjoy the tax exemption policy.
The adjusted new catalogue without tax exemption includes many types of machine tools, among which CNC machine tools are the majority, such as CNC laser processing machines, gantry machining centers, CNC electric machines, partial drilling, boring and milling, turning and milling machining centers. And a variety of CNC lathes, CNC grinding machines, CNC milling machines, gear processing machines, boring machines, combination machine tools, etc., in addition to pressure forming machinery, casting machinery, measuring instruments and other equipment.
Policy 10: In 2013, in order to actively expand the import of resource products and technology products that are in short supply in China, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Commerce jointly issued the Notice on Issuing the Catalogue of Encouraging Imported Technologies and Products (Development and Reform Industry [ 2007] No. 2515). Encourage and discount interest support for Chinese companies to introduce advanced technology, import important equipment, develop key industries and import resource products and raw materials.
In addition to the above ten policies, the state and local governments have successively issued a number of other policy measures such as adjusting the export tax rebate standards for tooling, formulating industry standardization, and formulating special research plans, etc., providing a healthy development for the machine tool industry. A favorable policy environment.
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