From April 25th to May 1st, the 2014 Occupational Disease Prevention Law Propaganda Week, the theme of this year is â€œPrevention of Occupational Diseases and Occupational Health. Tianjin attaches great importance to the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of occupational patients. At present, Tianjin City Occupational Diseases subordinate to the Municipal Health Bureau. The Hospital for Prevention and Control and Tianjin Staff Hospital are mainly responsible for the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of occupational patients.
From April 25th to May 1st, it was the 2014 Occupational Disease Prevention Law Publicity Week. The theme for this year is â€œPrevention of Occupational Diseases and Occupational Health.â€ In the past 10 years, the Tianjin Municipal Occupational Disease Hazard Information Monitoring Report showed that pneumoconiosis accounted for the total number of occupational diseases. More than %, and the cases increase at a rate of about 5% per year; Occupational poisoning occurs from time to time; newly discovered occupational hazards and unexplained occupational health injuries gradually increase. In 2014, Tianjin will further expand the establishment of 100 key sentinel disease monitoring sentinel companies and increase the number of monitoring personnel to 30,000. In the future work, active monitoring will be used as a routine task to control the occurrence of major occupational diseases within the jurisdiction and to monitor. Development dynamics, the gradual establishment of the city's active monitoring and prevention and control network of occupational diseases, the main occupational disease control in a controllable range, laying the foundation for occupational disease prevention and control in the city.
According to reports, occupational diseases refer to diseases caused by exposure of workers, institutions, and individual economic organizations to occupational activities due to exposure to dust, radioactive substances, and other toxic and hazardous substances. According to the regulations of the Chinese government, all employees of statutory occupational diseases shall be given labor protection according to the relevant provisions of the work-related injury insurance when they are determined to be disabled or invalid after treatment and during medical treatment and medical treatment.
According to the relevant provisions of the "Law of the People's Republic of China on Occupational Disease Prevention and Control," the National Health and Family Planning Commission, the State Administration of Safety Supervision, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions have adjusted the Classification and Catalogue of Occupational Diseases in December 2013. It will be implemented on the 23rd. The Classification and Catalogue of Occupational Diseases stipulates 10 categories of 132 statutory occupational diseases, including occupational pneumoconiosis and other respiratory diseases (13 pneumoconiosis, 6 other respiratory diseases), occupational dermatoses (9), occupational Ocular diseases (3 types), Occupational ENT diseases (4 types), Occupational chemical poisoning (60 types), Occupational diseases (7 types) caused by physical factors, Occupational radiological diseases (11 types), Occupational infectious diseases ( Five kinds), occupational tumors (11 types), and other occupational diseases (3 types).
In 2013, a total of 449 cases of various occupational diseases were reported in Tianjin City, an increase of 56 cases compared with new cases reported in 2012. Among them, 419 cases of various types of pneumoconiosis were reported, accounting for 93.3% of the total number of occupational diseases, and 14 cases of chronic occupational poisoning were reported (others 6 cases of occupational acute poisoning, 4 cases of benzene poisoning, 1 case of carbon disulfide poisoning, 1 case of carbon tetrachloride poisoning, 2 cases of lead and its compound poisoning, 6 cases of occupational disease caused by physical factors (heat stroke), occupational diseases caused by biological factors There were 2 cases of brucellosis, 5 cases of occupational ENT oral diseases (noise), 2 cases of occupational cancer (bladder cancer due to benzidine), and 1 case of occupational disease (occupational asthma). Chronic occupational poisoning mainly occurred in 11 cases of small and medium-sized enterprises, accounting for 78.57%. In Tianjin, a total of 190,168 households with 190,168 workers exposed to occupational hazards performed occupational health examinations at the post, with an actual inspection rate of 98.71%, a total of 114 people, a detection rate of 0.08%, and a contraindication of 772 persons. From 332 people.
Occupational disease prevention is related to the physical health and life safety of workers, and it is related to the sustained and healthy economic development and social harmony and stability. Tianjin Municipality attaches great importance to occupational disease prevention and treatment and the prevention and treatment of occupational diseases. Since the implementation of the Occupational Disease Prevention Act, Tianjin has carried out publicity and education on occupational disease prevention laws and regulations; opened an online direct reporting system for occupational diseases at or above the county level and improved the level of occupational health technical services; The long-term cooperation mechanism for cooperation has increased the supervision and enforcement of occupational disease prevention and control; a great deal of work has been done in dust control, improvement of working conditions and prevention of occupational diseases. The occupational health conditions of large and medium-sized enterprises have been greatly improved, and occupational diseases have gained momentum. A certain degree of containment. However, the current situation of prevention and treatment of occupational diseases is still severe, and occupational disease hazards have still not been fundamentally resolved.
Tianjin attaches great importance to the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of occupational patients. At present, Tianjin Municipal Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment Center under the Municipal Health Bureau and Tianjin Staff Hospital are mainly responsible for the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of occupational patients. The Municipal Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment Center currently has more than 700 employees and 28 clinical departments. As the Tianjin chemical poisoning emergency aid base, it mainly undertakes the rescue of various chemical poisoning poisons in Tianjin. At the same time, it has accumulated a wealth of physical factors in the treatment of pneumoconiosis and radiation sickness. experience. The Municipal Staff Hospital currently has 200 beds, more than 120 medical staff on the job, and medical technology departments such as internal medicine (rehabilitation) wards, surgical (rehabilitation) wards, comprehensive outpatient departments, pharmacy, laboratory, and radiology departments. The municipal secondary medical insurance, occupational injury insurance, and work-related injury rehabilitation hospitals that integrate medical treatment, prevention, and rehabilitation shall be responsible for the medical rehabilitation and occupational rehabilitation of industrial injury (occupational disease) personnel in the city, and shall be responsible for the medical treatment for the recurrence of old injury-free work-related injuries. Rehabilitation, responsible for the physical examination of occupational disease personnel in the city.
At the same time, in order to further strengthen occupational disease prevention monitoring and control, the cityâ€™s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention at all levels actively carried out project monitoring of occupational disease incidence, new occupational patient surveys, and monitoring of key occupational diseases in the city. In 2013, 80 cities were established within the city. The surveillance points for key occupational diseases (pneumoconiosis, occupational cancer, organic solvent poisoning) were monitored and nearly 20,000 workers were actively monitored and publicized for prevention and control of occupational diseases.
In order to further publicize and implement the Occupational Disease Prevention Law and the National Occupational Disease Prevention and Control Plan (2009-2015), popularize occupational disease prevention and control knowledge, raise awareness of workersâ€™ occupational disease prevention and control laws, and combine the actual situation in Tianjin with the Municipal Health Bureau and the cityâ€™s human resources. Organized by the Social Security Bureau, the Municipal Safety Supervision Bureau and the Municipal Federation of Trade Unions, the Tianjin Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention jointly with the Tianjin Institute of Health Education, the Tianjin Workers' Hospital, and the Tianjin Municipal Preventive Medicine Associationâ€™s Occupational Health and Occupational Disease Subcommittee. "Promotion campaigns were carried out at the Tianjin Workers' Hospital a few days ago.
The event venue was equipped with a large-scale theme backboard to prevent and treat occupational diseases and occupations should be healthy. A banner entitled â€œProtect the health of workers and build a harmonious societyâ€ was posted. On-site propaganda, rehabilitation counseling, and medical consultation were provided to the workers who came to the physical examination and rehabilitation treatment. activity. Participants have expressed that they can acquire more health knowledge by participating in such activities, and they can use scientific methods to improve bad life and work habits, avoid or reduce the occurrence of diseases, and protect their own health.
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